"Multilevel and multifidelity approaches to UQ for PDEs"
, 499 DSL
We first consider multilevel Monte Carlo and stochastic collocation methods for determining statistical information about an output of interest that depends on the solution of a PDE with inputs that depend on random parameters. In our context, these methods connect a hierarchy of spatial grids to the amount of sampling done for a given grid, resulting in dramatic acceleration in the convergence of approximations. We then consider multifidelity methods for the same purpose which feature a variety of models that have different fidelities. For example, we could have coarser grid discretizations, reduced-order models, simplified physics, surrogates such as interpolants, and, in principle, even experimental data. No assumptions are made about the fidelity of the models relative to the “truth” model of interest so that unlike multilevel methods, there is no a priori model hierarchy available. However, our approach can still greatly accelerate the convergence of approximations.